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The space-time cascade structure of the atmosphere and its numerical models

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March 4, 2010
Shaun Lovejoy (McGill Univ.)
Hosted by Philip Gabriel

Abstract

In spite of the unprecedented quantity and quality of meteorological data and models, there is still no consensus about either the atmosphere’s or the models’ elementary statistical properties as functions of scale in either time or in space. We propose a new synthesis based on a) advances in the last 25 years in nonlinear dynamics, b) a critical reanalysis of empirical aircraft and vertical sonde data, c) the systematic scale by scale space-time exploitation of high resolution remotely sensed data d) the systematic reanalysis of the outputs of numerical models of the atmosphere including GFS, GEM models and the ERA40, and the NOAA 20th Century reanalyses) and e)a new turbulent model for the emergence of the climate from “weather” climate variability. We conclude that Richardson’s old idea of scale by scale simplicity -today embodied in multiplicative cascades – can accurately explain the statistical properties of the atmosphere and its models over most of the meteorologically significant range of scales, and perhaps some of the climate range. The resulting space-time cascade model combines these nonlinear developments with modern statistical analyses, it is based on strongly anisotropic and intermittent generalizations of the classical turbulence laws of Kolmogorov, Corrsin,
Obukhov, and Bolgiano.